Manual
for owners and skippers
Sailing yacht „BAVARIA 36 “
Bavaria Yachtbau GmbH Bavariastr. 1 D – 97232 Giebelstadt
Tel.: +49 (0) 9334 942 – 0; Fax: +49 (0)9334 942 – 116
E-Mail : info@bavaria-yachtbau.com
INDEX
Introduction page 3
Category of design page 4
Builder’s plate page 5
Warnings page 5
Declaration of Conformity page 6
1. Description of the yacht
1.1 Main particulars
1.1.1 Principal dimensions
1.1.2 Displacement and weight
1.1.3 Motorization
1.1.4 Electrical installation
1.1.5 Tank capacities
1.1.6 Fixing point for cranes, resting-
points for slipping and transport
1.2 General arrangement
1.2.1 Rigging plan
1.2.2 Deck arrangement
1.2.3 Accommodation plan
1.3 Drive system
1.3.1 Sails
1.3.2 Rigging
1.3.3. Motorizing, engine room, gear,
propeller
2. Installations and circuits
2.1 Tanks and piping - water
2.1.1 Fresh water, drinking water -
cold
2.1.2 Sea-water circulation
2.1.3 WC-installation, holding tank
2.2 Tanks and piping - fuel
2.3 Steering gear
2.3.1 Description of the system
2.3.2 Rudder blade and rudder bearing
2.4 Bilge pump, bilge lines
2.4.1 Description of the pumping
arrangement
2.5 Electric installation
2.5.1 AC-installation
2.5.2 DC-installation
2.5.3 Operating the installation and
specific features
2.5.4 Important warnings on the DC-
installation
2.5.5 Important warnings on the AC-
installation
2.5.6. Distribution of electric devices
2.5.7. Wiring plans
2.5.8. Distribution plans
2.5.9. AC-distribution
2.6 L.P.G. installation
2.6.1 The components
2.6.2 Operation
2.7 Fire protection
2.8 Anchor
2.9 Engine cooling system
2.10 Exhaust gas system
2.11 Ventilation/Airing
2.12 Board ducts, sea water valves
3. Environmental protection
3.1 Fuel and oil
3.2 Waste
3.3 Sound
3.4 Swell
3.5 Exhaust gas
3.6 Antifouling, coatings
3.7 Varnish remover
4. Maintenance
4.1 Maintenance, cleaning
4.2 Wearing- and spare parts
4.3 Repair work
4.4 Winter storage
5. Final remarks and notes
6. List of manuals supplied
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Introduction
This manual will help you to handle your yacht safely and with pleasure. Apart from information about
the yacht itself and installed or additionally supplied fittings the manual also contains information on
operation and maintenance. Please familiarise yourself with everything before you go on your first
voyage.
If this is your first yacht or if you are not really familiar with the special characteristics of a motor yacht
please make sure you get proper training before you put it into operation. Do not hesitate to contact the
dealer or our shipyard for information about further training possibilities.
As the scope of supply depends on the order, the equipment of your yacht can deviate with some
descriptions and illustrations. In order to be able to adapt our yachts to the constantly progressing
technical standard, we must reserve ourselves changes in form, equipment and technology. For these
reasons no requirements can be derived from all data, illustrations and descriptions in this manual.
PLEASE KEEP THIS MANUAL IN A SAFE PLACE
AND HAND IT OVER TO THE NEW OWNER IF YOU SELL THE YACHT.
BAVARIA would like to welcome you to the circle of BAVARIA owners and would like to thank you
for placing your confidence in our products by acquiring this yacht.
Your contract partner and the management and staff of Bavaria Yachtbau GmbH hope you will enjoy
your new yacht.
Bon voyage, fair winds and fine weather.
BAVARIA Yachtbau GmbH
Management
W. Herrmann
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Category of design
Following the European Recreational Craft Directive each boat has to be classified according to a
category of design.
All sailing yachts of BAVARIA belong to the category of design A,
designed for extended voyages where conditions may exceed wind force 8 (Beaufort scale) and
significant wave heights of 4m and above, and vessels largely self-sufficient.
Certification
For yachts with this hull length the EC-Directive intends the certification module B (EC type-
examination) in combination with module C (Check of the stock boat in regard to its conformity with the
specimen).
IMCI (International Marine Certification Institute) was put into charge as a notified body (see:
Declaration of Conformity).
Identification
The hull identification was formed into the transom on starboard side. This is a unique sequence of digits
and letters. It is
DE-BAVV36S2E303
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Builder’s plate
The builder’s plate on the front wall of the cockpit is a demand of the
Directive because certain information are required which will be explained in
the following.
Explanations
- Category of design A : Ocean
- Max.
=8: Maximum number of persons recommended by the manufacturer if the
yacht is situated in the sea area corresponding to the category of design.
The number of crew can be increased under consideration of the
maximum additional loading capacity if the yacht is on a voyage in non-
ocean areas.
-Max
+ = 1000 kg: Maximum additional loading including 8 persons, stores, provisions and
personal equipment (excluding tank capacities).
- CE 0609: CE marking which indicates the conformity of the yacht with all provi
sions of the Directive. The sequence of digits is the code number of the
certifying body ,in this case the IMCI (International Marine
Certification Institute) - (see: Declaration of Conformity).
Warnings
Many chapters of this manual will support a troublefree operation, maintenance or draw your attention to
signs of dangers. To find them more easily they are especially marked (in boxes or in bold). We advise
you to study them carefully although the experienced skipper might be quite familiar with many of them.
The following chapters contain such warnings/notes or other important information for operating the
yacht.
Danger
means that an extreme real hazard which will lead to the death or too irreparable injuries
with great probability exists if no adequate precautions are found.
Warning
means that a hazard which can lead to injuries or death exists if no adequate precautions
are found.
Caution
means, that a memory of safety measures or the attention judges on handling, that can be
unsure or lead to personal injuries or to harm of the vessel or from components.
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EC-Declaration of Conformity
corresponding to the EC- Recreational Craft Directive 94/25/EC, Annex XV
With this we declare that the design and type of the following characterised yacht as well as the carried
out product that was brought into service by us is conform to the essential health and safety requirements
of the European Recreational Craft Directive.
This declaration will lose its validity if anyone carries out changes on board which touch the ‘essential
safety requirements’ and are not settled amongst ourselves.
Description of the boat: Bavaria 36
Type: : Keelyacht
Serial number of the hull: DE-BAV36S2E303
Category of design: A (OCEAN)
Module of certification: B+C
Relevant Directive: EC Recreational Craft Directive
(94/25/EC)
Used standards: see annex
Examining authority:
IMCI
International Marine Certification Institute
Address:
Rue Abbé Cuypers 3, B-1040 Bruxelles, Belgien
Module: B EC-Type Examination Certification no.: BBAV007 (Deepkeel)
BBAV004 (Normal keel)
Date / Signature of manufacturer
2003-04-30
Winfried Herrmann
Manager
Manufacturer: Bavaria Yachtbau GmbH; Bavariastr. 1; 97232 Giebelstadt; GERMANY
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Declaration of conformity
Applied harmonised standards or drafts for standards, respectively,
corresponding to the EC-Recreational Craft Directive 94/25/EG
EC-Directive ISO-Norm
1. Principal Data 8666
2.1. Identification of hull 10087
2.2. Manufacturer‘s plate 14945
2.3. To go over the side protection 15085
2.5. Owner’s manual 10240
3.1. Structure 12215 Part1
3.2. Stability and freeboard 12217 Part 2
3.3. Buoyancy and flotation 12217 Part 2
3.4. Openings in the hull 12216; 9093-1,9093-2
3.5. Flooding 11812; 12217; 12216; 15083
3.6. Manufacturer’s maximum recommended load 14946
3.7. Place for life rafts Saftey guide of DSV
3.8. Emergency exit 9094 Part 1, 12216
3.9. Anchoring, mooring and towing 15084
4. Handling characteristics 8665, 11592
5.1. Engine and engine spaces 7840; 9094; 10088 11812; 16147
5.2. Fuel system 7840; 8469; 9094; 10088,
5.3. Electrical system 9097, 10133, 13297, 28849
5.4. Steering system 13929, 28848, 28847
5.5. Gas system 10239
5.6. Fire protection 9094
5.7. Navigation lights KVR
5.8. Discharge prevention 8099
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1. Description of the yacht
1.1 Main particulars
1.1.1 Principal dimensions
Length overall L
OA
11,40m Length of hull L
H
10,96 m
Length on waterline L
W
9,39 m Breadth max. B
max
3,59 m
Draught - normal keel D
max
abt 1,60 m Draught - flat keel D
max
abt 1,91 m
Headroom (without antenna and similar things) H
D
abt 15,16 m
Headroom (for transport) H
T
abt 3,66 m
1.1.2 Displacement and weights
Weight of the empty yacht -incl. safety equipment 5000 kg
Weight of the fully equipped yacht- ready for sailing with crew 6530 kg
Ballast normal keel 1600 kg
Ballast deep keel 1560 kg
1.1.3 Motorization
Diesel engine:
Manufacturer Volvo Type MD 2020 Output 14 kW or MD 2030, 21 kw
Cooling indirect (sea-/fresh-water)
Reverse-reduction gear Saildrive 120S-D Reduction ratio 2.48 : 1
propeller 2-bladed fixed propeller (option folded propeller)
1.1.4 Electrical installation
220/110 V (option) AC-installation
shore connection (option) socket CEE-plug current operated 230 V earthed socket
battery charger (option) 230 V AC / 12 V DC with 27 A max. current (option)
12 V DC-system
1 x engine battery 12 V 55 Ah 1 x bord battery (option 2 x) 12 V 140 Ah
motor generator (alternator) battery charger (option)
The distribution occurs about switchboard, electric circuits with thermal safety switches, LED display,
rocker switches and voltmeters with changeover switch.
1.1.5. Tank capacities
1 fresh water tank abt 150 l on port side below the aftcabin berth.
1 fuel tank abt 150 l on starboard side below the aftcabin berth.
1 fresh water tank abt 150 l into the bow.
1 holding tank (option) abt 80 l in the locker in bath on starboard side.
1 gas cylinder abt 3 kg cylinder (Butane)
1.1.6. Fixing points for cranes, resting-points for slipping and transport
Attention ! The rear webbing will be placed in the area of the sail drive.
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1.2 General arrangement
1.2.1 Rigging plan
Reference
The valid measuring of the foresail reefing gear are on the enclosure note at the
carton of the Furlex-foresail reefing gear
.
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1.2.2 Deck arrangement
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Explanations in the deck plan
Bavaria 36
DESCRIPTION BESCHREIBUNG STK.
1
Bow navigation light Zweifarbenleuchte 1
2
Bow fitting Bugbeschlag 1
3
Bow pulpit Bugkorb 1
4
Life lines Relingsdurchzüge 2
5
Water inlet Wasser Einfüllstutzen 2
6
Anchor chain bail Ankerkasten 1
7
Mooring cleats Belegklampe 6
8
Stanchion Relingstütze 8
9
Toe rail Fussreling 2
10
Fair lead Leinendurchführung in Fußreling 6
11
Stanchion base Relingfuss 8
12
Spin. boom vang padeve Deckauge 1
13
Fuel inlet Diesel Einfüllstutzen 1
14
Op. hatch Vorschiffsluke 2
15
Op. hatch Vorschiffsluke 2
16
Forward lowers chainplate Vorstagpütting 0
17
Main shrows + aft kiwers cgk Wantenpütting 2
18
Spinnaker winch SpinnakerWinde 2
19
Opening portlight Decksfenster 6
20
Grabrails Handreling 2
21
Deck organizer Umlenkblöke 2
22
Genoa track Genuaschiene 2
23
genoa track car Genuaschlitten 2
24
Mainscheet track Grossschotschlitten 1
25
Mainscheet track car Grossschotschiene 1
26
Front endstop (g. track) Schienenendstück 2
27
Aft endstop (g. track) Schienenendstück mit Umlenkblöcke 2
28
Endstops mainscheet track Schienenendkappe 2
29
Winch Genuawinde 2
30
Stopper Stopper 8
31
Winch Fallwinde 2
32
Ventilator Deckslüfter 1
33
Through deck cable fitting Kabeldurchführung 1
34
Sliding hatch Schiebeluke 1
35
Washboard Steckschott 1
36
Aft port pushpit Heckkorb links 1
37
Aft starboard p. Heckkorb rechts 1
38
Backstay chainplatte Achterstagpütting 2
39
Aft pushpit life line Heckkorbsicherung mit Pelikanhaken 2
40
Swim ladder Badeleiter 1
41
Cockpit portlight Cockpitfenster 2
42
Stern light Heckleuchte 1
43
Hand operater bilge pump Handlenzpumpenhebel 1
44
Shore pick up 220 V (110 V) Landanschluss 220 V (110 V) 1
45
Engine ventilation inlet Belüftungsroste für Motorraum 1
47
Tiller Pinne 1
48
Cheek block-port/starbord Liegender Block Back/Steuerbordseite 2
49
Steering wheel Steuerrad 1
50
Shower Cockpitdusche 1
51
Tank venting Tankentlüftung 3
52
Camcleat Schotklemme 1
53
Footblock with lockoff Liegender Block mit Stopper 2
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1.2.3. Accommodation plan (2 cabin version)
36 Einrichtung Equipment
1 Ruderanlage Steering gear
2 Doppelkoje Double berth
3 Fach Shelf
4 Kleiderschrank Hanging locker
5 Gasbackofen Gas cooker with oven
6 Kühlbox Cooling box
7 Spüle Sink
8 Sitzgruppe Seating
9 Kleiderschrank Hanging locker
10 Doppelkoje Double berth
11 Ankerkasten Anchor locker
12 Fach Shelf
13 Kleiderschrank Hanging locker
14 Fach Shelf
15 Salontisch Saloon table
16 Sitzgruppe Seating
17 Kartentisch Chart table
18 Elektrische Schalttafel Electrical switch panel
19 Dusche Shower
20 WC WC
21 Backskiste Locker seat
22 Niedergang / Motorraum Companion way / engine compartment
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(3 cabin version)
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1.3 Drive systems
1.3.1 Sails
The SY Bavaria 36 is equipped with the following standard and optional sails:
Main Sail – Standard
ca. 31,00 m
2
Main sail in mast furling gear
ca. 27,00 m
2
Furling genoa
ca. 36,00 m
2
Furling jib
ca. 26,00 m
2
Storm jib
ca. 6,50 m
2
Drifter
ca. 56,00 m
2
Spinnaker
ca. 91,00 m
2
1.3.2 Rigging
Mast
-
LM- Profile, without taper; – 18 deg. double spreaders , angular; - 2 halyards, topping- and boom
lifts,
-
tipping line and fittings.
Boom
-
LM-Profile; - clew outhaul; - 2 reefing lines; - eye for mainsheet; - eye for tipping line.
Standing rigging ( made of 1x19–lace, material 4401), consisting of:
forestay with excessive footage (headsail reef system) 1x
intermediate shroud 2x backstaytackle 1x
lower shroud 2x permanent backstay with bridle 1x
upper shroud 2x permanent backstay tackle 1x
Running Rigging
Inside the mast: Option:
- Main halyard - Spinnaker halyard (attached)
- Genoa halyard - Spinnaker uphaul
- Boom lift - Spinnaker downhaul
- 3 additional weighing
lines
Inside the boom: 2 reef lacings (battened sail); 1 foot jig
Complementing we refer onto the enclosed trim instructions of the manufacturer.
Caution
before of every sail: Test strings, cordage, lanyards and split pins. Safeguard the split
pins through adhesive tape or bending. Transpose deformed or damaged bolts.
1.3.3 Motorising, engine room, gear, propeller
This yacht is equipped with a inboard diesel engine with a sail-drive gear and a fixed propeller (Option
folded propeller).
The engine room is separated from living quarters by plywood-bulkheads covered with sound-insulating
material. An access is possible through:
-
a shutter below the companion way,
-
detachable bulkhead in the aftcabin beside the engine room
Cooling-water supply to the engine is realised via the saildrive-gear.
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Engine plant
1
Motor Volvo Motor Volvo
2 Engine exhaust system Motorabgassystem
3 Exhaust waterlock Abgaswassersammler
4 Engine fuel intake Kraftstoffeinfüllstutzen
5 Feed back fuel Kraftstoffrückführleitung
6 Fuel tank filling hose Kraftstoffeinfüllschlauch
7 Fuel tank ventilator Tankentlüftung
8 Fuel filter Kraftstofffilter
9 Fuel cock Kraftstoffabsperrhahn
10 Ventilation Grille Belüftungsroste
11 Engine panel Motorinstrumententafel
12 Engine control cables Motorfernbedienungskabel
13
14 Fuel gauge Kraftstofftankfüllanzeige
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2. Installations and circuits
2.1 Tanks and piping - water
2.1.1 Fresh water, drinking water –cold
The yacht has two water tanks with a capacity of altogether abt 300 l. Fresh water is supplied via a water
inlet (with a blue cover) at the transom, port side and on the forecastle near the chain locker. You can take
water from the tank over a hose connection leading to the pressure water-pump.
This pump, realising the complete cold water circulation, is fitted in the head. An interruption of the
operation of the pressure pump is done by cutting off all ducts. All pipes/hoses should be checked for
leaks if the pump continuous working though all ducts were cut off properly.
The pump is protected by a filter which should be regularly checked and cleaned if necessary.
Components: (2 cabin version)
36 Frischwasser Fresh water
1 Einfüllstutzen Deck plate inlet
2 Tankentlüftung Tank venting
3 Boiler Water heater
4 Einfüllstutzen Deck plate (inlet)
5 Tankentlüftung Tank venting
6 Frischwasserpumpe Fresh water pump
7 Druckgefäss und Druckschalter Accumulator tank + pressure switch
8 Cockpitdusche Shower
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Note
Exchange the water in tank from time to time.
Additionally you should use common purifiers.
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2.1.2 Sea-water circulation
Sea-water is necessary for both WC flushing and engine cooling (see: 2.9).
2.1.3 WC –installation: see enclosed directions for use
Attention
If you are not aboard for a longer time you should
close all sea-valves.
Components: WC-flushing (2 cabin version)
36 Abwasser Waste water
1 Borddurchlass Outlet
2 Handlenzpumpe Hand op. bilge pump
3 Kugelhahn Ausgang Spüle Sink drain valve
4 Fäkalientank Waste water tank
5 Fäkalienpumpe Waste water drain pump
6 Zweiwegeventil „Y“ waste valve
7 Kugelhahn Ausgang Fäkalientank Waste water drain valve
8 Kugelhahn Ausgang WC Toilet drain valve
9 Kugelhahn Eingang WC Toilet water inlet valve
10 Kugelhahn Ausgang Dusche Shower drain valve
11 Elektrische Lenzpumpe Electrical bilge pump
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(3 cabin version)
2.2 Tanks and piping - fuel
Storage tank
There is a 150 l plastic diesel tank with an inspection opening on starboard-side below the aft berths. It is
filled via a fuel inlet with a chrome cover (marked with DIESEL) at the transom of the yacht. The tank
pickup is situated on the tank. The supply is made of a fire-proof fuel hose according to ISO 7840. The
vent line is led to above deck.
Supply of the engine
The engine is supplied via a suction pipe from the upper edge of the tank. Due to the short distance a fire
proof fuel pipe is used throughout. This is led via a wide-meshed filter/ water separator, fuel pump and
fine filter to the engine and then back to the tank.
Attention
A trouble free operation of the engine and heating is only possible, if the fuel is clean.
That’s why a regular inspection and cleaning of filter/water separator is unavoidable.
The fuel tank should be completely emptied and cleaned once a year.
Warning
When refilling the tank:
-
Switch off the engine, heating and stove !
-
Do not smoke or use open lights !
2.3 Steering gear
2.3.1 Description of the system
The rudder is a suspended, balanced hydrofoil midship rudder . It is
operated by hand from the steering wheel at the steering post in the
cockpit. Transmission of power is realised by means of bowden
control to the rudder quadrant. With the autopilot (option) there is a
electric motor installed.
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2.3.2 Rudder blade and rudder bearings
The rudder blade is a profiled one. It consists of a FRP-body. The rudder post with a diameter of 60mm is
made of a sea-water resistant aluminium alloy and is laminated into the blade. The post runs in two easy-
going and special rudder bearings. The rudder is fixed by a mounting clip at the upper end of the post that
also serves for the keeping of the rudder tiller.
The mounting clip is additionally secured with a straight stud bolt on the rudder post.
The rudder bearings used by BAVARIA YACHTBAU are self-setting bearings. Since rudder bearings
are subject to wear and tear they should be inspected and maintained regularly.
Emergency tiller
The emergency tiller is stored in the starboard locker seat.
In case of emergency remove the steering wheel, the rudder quadrant for rope pulls and the quadrant for
the auto pilot (option).
Moreover the rudder head-cover has to be removed and the emergency tiller to be mounted and secured.
You can brake or even fix the steering wheel by turning a screw home. Make always sure that this brake
is not drawn especially when sailing with the auto pilot. This would mean an overload for the electric
motor.
The socket of the steering gear is integrated into the deck’s form. On the socket there is the casing of the
wheel hub. A chain is laid over a tooth-wheel of the hub.
2.4. Bilge pumps, bilge pipes
The chain locker is made watertight against the yacht. It is self-bailing through two holes in the skin.
All BAVARIA yachts have got a self-bailing cockpit, too. Water in the cockpit runs by the abaft trim to
the back through the aperture.
2.4.1 Description of the pumping arrangement
The yacht is equipped with both a manual pump and an electric bilge pump. The main line bilge suction
has a capacity of 75 l/min.
A draw bucket is an ideal means for bailing out water . It should always be ready in a
cockpit seat locker.
Attention
Close all sea valves if you leave your yacht for a longer period. Valves being not
clearly visible, like e.g. in the toilet room, should only be opened before use and
closed short after.
Warning
In a serious situation, e.g. in case of a heavy inrush of water as a consequence of a
collision, the pumping capacity might not be sufficient. Take measures for damage
control with collision mats or other suitable means.
Attention
Check regularly and repair if necessary:
- ti
g
ht hold of the mountin
g
cli
p
on the rudder
p
ost
Attention
Please ensure a suitable bearing lubrication of the necessary parts of the
rudder installation with water-proof lubricants (or Teflon).
Bearing clearance has to be avoided and can be adjusted at the top bearing.
The post must have no clearance but should not need heavy movements
.
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Components of the bilge pumping installation: (2 cabin version)
36 Komponeneten der Lenzanlage Bilge suction system
1 Borddurchlass Outlet
2 Handlenzpumpe Hand op. bilge pump
3 Kugelhahn Ausgang Spüle Sink drain valve
4 Fäkalientank Waste water tank
5 Fäkalienpumpe Waste water drain pump
6 Zweiwegeventil „Y“ waste valve
7 Kugelhahn Ausgang Fäkalientank Waste water drain valve
8 Kugelhahn Ausgang WC Toilet drain valve
9 Kugelhahn Eingang WC Toilet water inlet valve
10 Kugelhahn Ausgang Dusche Shower drain valve
11 Elektrische Lenzpumpe Electrical bilge pump
Note
In case of spherical valves a transverse lever-direction indicates:
CLOSED
and a longitudinal ones means : OPEN
Maintenance note
The tightness of ducts should be inspected regularly.
Retighten all hose clips and the stuffing boxes of valves
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(3 cabin version)
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2.5 The electric installation
2.5.1 The AC-installation
The yacht has got a shore connection (option) by which it can be supplied with electric power from
ashore when being berthed in a port. The plug box ( meeting the CEE-norm) is installed at the transom of
the yacht. The power is supplied into a shore connection unit, placed under the chart table.
The plug box is operational as soon as the shore supply cable has been plugged in. It only serves the
op
eration of electric machines
2.5.2 The DC–board net
All electric devices aboard are supplied with the 12 V DC. A main-switch is installed in the electric panel
at the chart table. Power distribution is effected by a switchboard above the chart table.The lettering next
to each switch refers to the corresponding consumer.
You can find all the switches for the 12 V consumers at the switchboard. By this you can operate different
consumer-groups ,being marked with logos or lettering, separately. Some of the switches are designed for
an installation of additional electric devices. There are only automatic fuses used. So you only have to
press them in case of a breakdown. If a fuse blows repeatedly you should spot the cause or consult a
specialist (electrician).
2.5.3 Operating the installation and specific features
The combination of an AC- with a DC installation offers a clearly higher comfort but requires some
special knowledge.
Charging the batteries
All batteries are maintenance–poor and drain-protected. They are charged via a buffer diode by the
motor-generator. Charging the starter battery always takes priority to ensure a safe start of the engine.
AC–consumers
The only fixed link is the one to the battery charger. The safety contact plug-box at the electric panel is
designed for electric tools to be used for small repair work.
DC–consumers
The essential consumers are:
-
navigation lights -bilge pumps
-
engine displays -tank display
-
VHF-radio wiring (option) -electronic devices
-
devices for comfort
Navigation lights have absolute priority. In case of a lack of capacity all other consumers have to be
switched off first. By a stand-by operation of the engine, even when under sail, the batteries can be
brought up rather quickly. After a while you can switch on the other consumers again.
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2.5.4 Important warnings on the DC-installation
2.5.5 Important warnings on the AC-installation
Attention
You should never
- work at the electric installation if it is in operation,
- alter fuses or overload switches,
- change the electric wiring and/or wiring plans; this has to be done
by specialists only,
- install electric devices or add parts that exceed the allowed load
limit,
- leave the yacht unattended with the electric installation in
operation. This does not go for automatic bilge pumps, fire
protection and –alarm devices.
- As long as the diesel engine is in operation, you must not
disconnect the 12 V charging circuit.
Before starting a voyage you should always check
- the battery voltage,
- the correct function of navigation lights .
Have spare lamps for all navigation lights aboard.
Attention
- the electric wiring of the yacht and/or corresponding wiring plans
must not be changed.
- Service and maintenance must be carried out by a qualified
specialist.
Warning
To avoid the danger of a rush of current or fire :
- The shore connection cable must never hang into water.
- Plug the shore connection cable first aboard and then ashore.
- Do not alter plugs of shore connection cables
Disconnecting the shore connection cable:
First disconnect the shore connection cable ashore and then aboard.
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2.5.6 Distribution of electric devices: (2 cabin version)
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(3 cabin version)
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Explanations on the distribution of electric devices
BAVARIA 36
PCS
Description Beschreibung Stück
1 Motoring light Zweifarbenleuchte 1
2 A windlass Elekt. Ankerwinde 1
3 Windlass foot switch Ankerwinde - Bedienteil
4 Windlass foot switch Ankerwinde - Bedienteil
6 Fresh water gauge Vorratgeber für Frischwassertank 2
7 Through - hull depth sounder (Optional) Echolot - Geber (Option) 1
8 Through - hull sppedometer (Opional) Sumlog - Geber (Option) 1
9 Reading light Leselampe 4
10 Ceiling light Deckenleuchte 11
11 Fresh water pump Druckwasserpumpe 1
12 Shower drain pump (Optional) Duschpumpe (Option) 1
13 Shower pump switch (Optional) Duschpumpenschalter (Option) 1
14 Bilge pump Elektrische Lentzpumpe 1
15 Batteries group Batterie
Engine battery 55 A Motorstromkreis-Batterie 55 A 1
Bord battery 88 A Bordstromkreis-Batterie 88 A 1
16 Battery charger (Optional) Batterieladegerät (Optional) 1
17 Electric panel Elektro Panel 1
18 Main switch Batterie-Hauptschalter 1
19 Auto pilot (Optional) Autopilot (Optional) 1
20 Elecronic Compass (Optional) Elektronischer Kompass (Option) 1
21 Instrument repeater (Optional) Instrumenten Wiederholer (Option) 1
22 Engine start Anlasser 1
24 Water heater (Optional) Boiler (Option) 1
25 Stern Light Heckleuchte 1
26 Shore pickup 220 V (110 V) Landanschluss 220 V (110 V) 1
27 Fuel gauge Vorratgeber für Kraftstofftank 1
28 El. refridgeration El. Kühlschrank 1
29 Mast lights (navigation light) Kabeldurchführung
30 Reading light Kartentischlampe 1
31 Speaker (Option) Lautsprecher (Option) 2
32 Engine room light Motorraumlampe 1
33 Neon lamp Neonlampe 2
34 Air heater (Optional) Heizungsfühler (Option) 1
35 Air heater - pump diesel (Optional) Heizung Pumpe Diesel (Option) 1
36 Air heater - thermostat (Optional) Heizung Thermostat (Option) 1
37 Waste water pump (Optional) Fäkalien Pumpe (Option) 1
38 Engine instrument panel Motorinstrumententafel 1
39 Radio antenna Antennenkabel 1
40 WC mit integrierter Duschkabine Head with integrated shower 1
41 Kartentisch Chart Table 1
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2.5.7 Wiring plans
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2.5.8 Distribution plans
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2.5.9 AC-distribution
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2.6 L.P.G. installation
The gas installation for the stove meets the European norm EN 10239. The test-certificate is attached.
The gas pipe leading to the stove from the standard 3 kg–gas cylinder is an 8 mm copper pipe. It is placed
into a self-bailing casing moulded into the deck in the rear cockpit area. All gas pipes have been installed
according to the German safety regulations. The best-by date for the soft connection hoses between the
gas cylinder and the copper pipe and between copper pipe and stove is printed onto the hoses. They have
to be replaced after the expiry date.
The reducing valve in the gas cylinder casing has a service pressure of 30 mbar. The flow rate is 1 kg/h.
2.6.1 The components (2 cabin version)
36 Gasanlage Gas
1 Gasflasche mit Reduzierventil Gas tank with valve
2 Kupferrohr 6/8 Copper tube 6/8
3 Gaskugelhahn Gas stopp cock
4 Kocher mit Backofen Gas stove with oven
5 Gummischlauch Rubber hose
(3 cabin version)
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2.6.2 Operation
Gas installations require care. That’s why you should follow this sequence:
Attention:
-
Do not use liquids containing ammonia for checking the pipe.
-
Never handle with open light and do not smoke if you look for leakage
or if you connect a new gas cylinder.
And here is some more advice on how to prevent difficulties with the gas installation:
- Close all gas valves if the stove is not in use. In a case of emergency you should close the valves
immediately.
-
The stove valves have to be closed before the gas cylinder valve is opened.
-
Check the L.P.G. installation for possible leakages regularly. Check all connections with soap suds or
the like (for doing so the stove valves have to be closed – all other valves of the installation have to
be open).
-
If you find any leakages close all valves and have the installation repaired by a specialist before
further use.
-
Since the flames consume oxygen a proper airing and deaeration is necessary. Do not use the stove
for heating the cabin.
-
Valves of empty gas cylinders have to be closed and disconnected from the installation. Have the
covers ready.
-
Do not use the gas cylinder casing for storing other equipment.
-
Never leave your yacht unattended if the stove is in use.
-
Check the hose pipes at least once a year . Have them replaced if necessary.
-
If you install a new stove make sure that is has got the same working pressure.
-
Check the exhaust gas pipes at least once a year. Replace them if they a defective.
Attention
- Open the stop valve in the gas cylinder casing
- Open the valve before the stove
- Open a stove valve and lighten the gas
- Keep the valve open until the glow timer allows further burning.
Attention
For finishing follow the same (above mentioned) sequence from the
valve in the gas cylinder casing to the stove valve to allow all gas in the
piping to escape and burn.
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2.7 Fire protection
When building the yacht special attention was payed to avoid the risks of fire. This includes the choice of
materials, the distance of stove flames to the surrounding built-in furniture and an island position of the
engine. The engine room has got a lining with fire resistant insulating material.
As the owner of the yacht you should keep this state and pay attention to the following advice:
Furthermore you and your crew can support fire protection if you follow the following advice:
The well-known sources of danger on board are
-
the stove in the pantry and
-
the engine room.
If, despite all precautionary measures, a fire should break out aboard, there are three fire extinguishers an
board which are fixed at the following places:
Nr. 1 and 2 : Powder extinguisher at the starbord locker seat, at least fire grade 10A/68B
Nr. 3 : Powder extinguisher in the navigational seat, at least fire grade 10A/68B
Additionally you should place in the pantry a light fire retarding cloth, which is made of glass cloth and
is very useful in the case of fire caused by overheat fat.
It is the yacht owner´s duty
-
to have all fire extinguishers regularly checked and maintained ;
-
to have fire extinguishers replaced after the expiry date. The same goes if the extinguishers should
have been used. The new extinguishers should at least have the same capacity as the discussed ones.
Attention:
Keep the bilge clean and check regularly if there is a smell of fuels or gas.
Do not have any freely suspended curtains above or close to the stove or othe
r
devices with open fire.
Inflammable material must not be stored in the engine room. If you store non-
inflammable materials in the engine room make sure that they are protected
against falling into the engine installation or are in the way.
Never
- obstruct any exits or hatches.
- alter safety installations like fuel- and gas valves and electric switches and
the like.
- leave the yacht unattended if the stove or the heating is in use.
Never
- use gas lights in the yacht.
- fuel the tank or replace gas cylinders if the engine is running or if the stove
or heating is used.
- smoke or use open lights while handling with fuel or gas.
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It is the yacht owner´s or skipper´s duty
to make sure that
- all extinguishers are freely accessible
-
to inform all persons on board about:
-
the position and use of all fire extinguishers and the fire retarding cloth,
- the position and function of the opening for the extinguisher´s nozzle in the engine room
bulkhead,
- the exit through the escape hatch above the fore-berths.
Caution
Test the fire extinguishers regularly!
Train yourself as regards fire fighting.
Consider always the seamanlike care duty.
2.8 Anchor (option)
The bower anchor (plough anchor), abt. 17 kg, hot-galvanised, is known for its high holding power. It
lays ready-to-fall in an anchor stowage device and is secured with a bolt. The chain has a length of 50 m
and a nominal thickness of 8 mm. It is run out by an electric anchor windlass operated with a remote
control. The remote control is placed in the chain locker before use and its function is activated at the
switch board.
Furthermore it is recommendable to have a stern anchor as well as sufficient mooring- and towing lines
with the necessary strength on board.
E.g.:1 stern folding anchor (4-fluke grapnel anchor) , 12 kg, hot-galvanised, fixed at the aft guard-rail. 6m
chain forerunner, thickness 8 mm, 34 m polyamide anchor rope, 18 mm, 3-strand hawser laid. It is stored
in the port transom seat.
The rope is cleated aft.
2.9 Engine cooling system
Engine cooling
The engine has got a two-circuit cooling system. Water enters through the saildrive, is led to the heat
exchanger and then injected into the exhaust gas pipe. Together with the exhaust gas the cooling sea
water is exhausted via the silencer and the exhaust pipe at the stern. This guarantees a trouble-free engine
operation. Moreover the engine noise is reduced.
All hose connections of the system a secured with double stainless steal clips.
2.10 Exhaust gas system
The yacht is fitted with a “wet“ exhaust gas system, i.e. cooling sea water is injected into the exhaust gas
elbow causing a cooling of exhaust gases. This mixture is led down into a silencer/water lock, runs
through a pipe in the locker seat on the starboard side of the aft cabin, is led upwards at the stern and
escapes to the side above the water-line.
Attention
- Check and clean the sea water filter in regular intervals, depending on
the water quality.
- Before starting the engine make sure that the cooling water inlet is open.
- Have a short look into the engine room for possible leakage.
-
When the engine is running it is highly recommendable to check
regularly if cooling water is escaping with the exhaust gas.
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The exhaust gas hose consists of a synthetic rubber material with an integrated steal spiral.
The hose is heat-resistant ( for some time) and should be checked and replaced if necessary.
A constant flow of sea water has to be guaranteed. The hose is secured at its joints with two clips.
If there is an interruption of the sea water flow, the temperature sensor in the exhaust gas hose will release
an visual and acoustic warning. In this event you should stop and switch off the engine immediately until
the problem has been settled ( see manual of the engine manufacturer).
Attention:
2.11 Ventilation/Airing
We have taken the following measures for a proper ventilation of all rooms:
Chain locker
A certain ventilation is achieved through the hawser port in the cover of the chain locker and through its
bilge holes.
Living cabins/ Salon and forward quarter
One ventilator
Aftcabin
1 side light /bull’s eye showing to the cockpit
Components:
1 deck ventilator, 8 side lights, 8 folding hatches
2.12 Board ducts, sea water valves
Openings below the water line are possible weak spots. That is why we pay special attention to them.
All board ducts in the underwater part, with the exception of the duct for the transmitter of the
echo sounder, consist of brass-made screwed joints with spherical sea valves and hose nipples.
All hose con
nections are secured with two clips each.
For the cockpit drain special plastic joints are used.
Maintenance note
The tightness of board ducts should be inspected regularly.
Check and retighten all hose clips and stuffing boxes of valves if necessary.
Note
In case of spherical valves a transverse lever-direction indicates : CLOSED
And a longitudinal direction means : OPEN .
A regular Inspection if saltwater comes out of the exhaust, is urgently
advisable.
Attention
Close all sea valves if you leave the yacht for a longer time. Valves being
not clearly visible, like e.g. in the toilet room, should only be opened for
use.
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Board ducts: (2 cabin version)
36 Auslässe Board ducts
1 Ausgang Auspuff Exhaust drain
2 Kühlwasserfilter Cooling water strainer
3 Ausgang Spüle Sink drain
4 Echolot Depth sounder
5 Geschwindigkeitsmesser Speedometer
6 Ausgang Waschbecken Washbasin drain
7 Ausgang WC Toilet drain
8 Ausgang Duschpumpe Shower drain pump
9 Eingang WC Toilet inlet
10 Ausgang Fäkalientank Waste water drain
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(3 cabin version)
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3. Environmental protection
BAVARIA YACHTBAU has already met the legal requirements referring to exhaust gas regulations
with its choice for the inboard diesel installed. An exhaust gas type-examination certificate can be handed
in or sent on later.
3.1 Fuel and oil
You should be especially careful when filling the tank. A (wet) cloth around the fuel inlet can prevent fuel
from dripping into water. In your engine manual you can also find a diagram with a curve about the
specific fuel consumption thus offering you some good hint on the most favourable engine speed.
For a necessary exchange of oil you should use a suction pump, because you cannot drain it off like a car.
The oil has to be exchanged at least once a year, even in case of a little operation time of the engine.
A well-maintained engine should never leak. But in order to prevent even smallest amounts of oil being
discharged overboard with the pumped out bilge water, the engine bed has been designed in form of a
closed oil sump. All water from this sump, being possibly mixed with oil, has to be pumped into a
separate canister and has to be deposited ashore.
In any case there should be oil-binders aboard.
3.2 Waste
For all water sportsmen it goes without saying: waste is not thrown overboard. This is also true for
biodegradable waste. There should be a regular waste bag or –bin in a locker seat.
3.3 Sound
The wet exhaust pipe of the diesel engine reduces the engine sound considerably. Additionally rubber
bearings, elastic couplings and the engine room insulation minimise sound emissions. Nevertheless you
should not turn up the engine too quickly and, please, reduce the engine speed in waters with dense
traffic.
3.4 Swell
Natural bank areas are sensitive against swell. Please keep sufficient berth. Formation of waves, caused
by your yacht, is an indicator of where and when you should reduce your speed to avoid unnecessary
swell. Pay attention to relevant signs.
3.5 Exhaust gas
Check the escaping exhaust gas regularly. The exhaust gas should show neither black smoke nor blue
clouds. In such a case you should either clean the air filter or have a repair shop readjusted the engine.
3.6 Antifouling coatings
The underwater part of the hull of each yacht has to be protected with an antifouling coating because
marine growth means more energy for propulsion. Today there is a wide range of protective paint with
various effects for different bodies of water. Trust the recommendations of specialists for your decision.
Coatings that are effective for years without any grinding in between are especially recommendable.
But if the coating has to be sanded to some extend you should arrange these activities with the port
officials. Generally the ground under the yacht has to be covered with some plastic cloth to collect the
rubbed down dust and dispose it .
3.7 Varnish removers
Most varnish removers contain aggressive substances and should not be used or as little as possible. A
mechanical removal of paint is the much better way.
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4. Maintenance
4.1 Maintenance, cleaning
1. Mast and rigging
See: Notes of the manufacturer
2. Sails
The sails are made of Dacron. This material is very robust and resistant. Thus the sails keep their form for
a very long time.
Inspect all your running and standing rigging carefully for sharp edges, splints, protruding ends of wire
and the like because laminated cloth is especially sensitive against touching them. Those parts of the cloth
that can chafe at spreaders or shrouds should be protected on both sides by sticking self-adhesive cloth to
them. The same goes for the foot of the sail if there is the possibility of chafing at the rails.
Cleaning
Please clean your yacht immediately after you have taken it out of the water. High pressure cleaning
devices will remove any growth. This is followed by an upkeeping of the surface of the yacht. All paint
manufacturers provide detailed instructions for their coating systems.
For ships sailing in salt waters: remains of salt absorb water and can cause a faster corrosion. Where- and
whenever it is possible you should rinse the yacht and parts of it with fresh water.
Care and maintenance of teak decks
Untreated teak weathers to an natural silver-grey color, with no detriment to the timber’s strength or other
mechanical/physical properties. Because of teak’s inherent durability and weather-resistant properties, the
use of protective paints or coatings is neither necessary nor advisable.
Practical tips on care and maintenance:
Protective woodcare oils – penetrate deep into the timber, and under the influence of heat and moisture
can adversely affect the adhesion of the caulking material to the sides of the joint. As a result, the seal
between the caulking material and the sides of teh joint may break down, allowing water to enter.
Paints and lacquers are decorative coatings which, when applied to a teak deck, dry to form a continuous
film over the caulking material as well. Some paints will not dry properly where they come into contact
with the caulking material, leaving the surface tacky. In time most paints will flake away along the line of
the joint. This spoils the appearance of the teak deck and causes cracks to open up along the joints.
Teak cleaners should be used only if they contain no other active ingredients apart from normal soap.
Additives such as phosphoric or oxalic acid, which are often incorporated as breighteners, are corrosive
substances which attack both the caulking material and the timber, causing them to age rapidly.
We therefore recommend that teak decks be swabbed down with a mop and clean fresh water, to which a
small quantity of normal soap may be added if desired. Heavy soiling may be removed by scrubbing with
a hard sponge. The use of a power washer is not recommended. The high-pressure water jet will remove
areas of sapwood and break the seal between the caulking material and the sides of the joint.
In extended periods of hot, dry weather teak decks should be watered at regular intervals to prevent the
timber from during out completely. Excessive loss of moisture will cause the timber to shrink, placing the
joints under stress. Under unfavourable conditions this can lead to premature ageing or failure of the joint
Note:
Please remember: Damage to the cloth is mainly caused if it is
incorrectly treated or handled. Especially if you let it shake, expose it
to UV rays constantly or store it improperly.
If there are any questions on the cloths do not hesitate to contact the
manufacturer or your sailmaker.
Never remove track cars with ball bearings from the tracks carelessly.
Always use sheet tracks with endstops
.
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seal.
Stainless steel
The firmness of corrosion from all fittings are based on that they will constitute a thin skin together with
the air occident, which will make a positive electrical potential. Specialists call it a cr-passive (cr is
standing for chrome).But chrome is in the galvanic contact series negative and a bit less valuable than
iron. If the thin protection skin will be damaged the stainless cr will be activ and will be less good than
pure chrome. The corrosion can start.
Who is not disapointed about little brown spots on the fittings ? They are caused by flying rust or particles
of iron, which are flying in the air and in all harbours placed near big towns. As soon as the flying rust
will set down to the protective coat of the stainless steel, it destroys the cr-passivity, and this goes very
aggressive and fast.
Stainless steel only stays good looking for a long time, if there’s taken good care of it.
Take it to your habit, if you are washing your boat with clear water, clean also the rail stanchions, pulpits
and pushpits and all stainless fittings thoroughly too. Clear water will wash away the salt, rust and flying
rust, the protective coat will be "ventilated" and it’s function is guaranteed again.
If you have already brown spots, you can use most of all available metal cleanings to take care of the
stainless steel fittings or you take normal polish like you use it for the hull.
Of course – all the best care can not help, if in the first place the fittings are not made out of the right
material or the stainless steel has not been treated correct. Before you will buy the fitting, ask f.e. if the
fitting has been polished electrical.
4.2 Wearing- and spare parts
As an experienced skipper you will not have difficulties in getting original spare parts. If you need any
help, please contact the yard.
If you need any spare parts but cannot get the original ones you have to pay attention to the stability
values to keep the yacht at the high technical standard it used to have at the time of delivery.
4.3 Repair work
Repairs at the hull (polyester full laminate and polyester sandwich laminate) can be implemented by a
reliable workshop considering the general rules for the processing of polyester resin. The interior
construction was designed in such a way that a non-destructive elimination of defects can be realised. In
regard to the technical equipment you may contact a reliable workshop or your dealer, too.
4.4 Winter storage
We have already given some well-directed advice on winter storage in different paragraphs
of this manual. Generally speaking all firms offering winter storage should meet the latest technological
standard as far as environmental conditions, storage blocks, fire protection and accessibility of your yacht
is concerned. Moreover there should be fixed rules for work, done by the owner himself, to prevent any
interference with other sportsmen.
If possible the following objects should be taken from board and stored in a dry and frost-free place:
-
Ship’s papers and other relevant documents
-
Charts, books and instruments
-
Mattresses, upholstery, blankets and sleeping bags
-
Sails and lines/ropes
-
Foodstuffs
-
Gas cylinders
-
Safety equipment
-
Life raft and rubber dinghy
-
Batteries
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Advice:
Before wintering you should pay special attention to the following parts and protect them
correspondingly:
-
Rinse and clean the transmitters of the speedometer and echo sounder.
- Maintain the electrical systems and clean them with suitable materials.
-
Water pipes can be successfully cleaned with soft acids, e.g. white vinegar.
- Water valves should be taken to pieces and greased.
-
The toilet and corresponding pipes are cleaned with fresh water.
-
The rudder should be fixed that no movements are possible (e.g. by fixing the tiller or wheel).
Engine:
-
Fill the fuel tank completely
- Exchange the propeller’s sacrificial anode (if necessary).
-
Empty all cooling-water of the engine and follow the instructions of the manufacturer.
-
Slacken all belts (lighting engine and other engine driven devices).
Winter storage
-
Observe all notes in the engine manual.
-
Store the fully charged batteries at a ventilated frost-free place.
-
Grease the steering wire and –components
-
Remove all water out of the ship and protect it against rainwater entering it.
- Replace all components which seem not to be reliable any longer.
Mast and rigging
It may not always be possible, but it is recommendable:
-
Unship the mast,
-
Refit all standing and running rigging,
-
Inspect the cables and other wires,
-
Inspect bolts, spanners and other tie points for possible fatigue of material or cracks,
-
Rinse all aluminium parts with fresh water
-
Rinse all lines/ropes with fresh water and store them in a dry place,
-
Rinse and grease all guide rollers of the mast and the boom.
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5. Final remarks and notes
This manual is in conformity with the directives of the harmonised European Norm EN 10240. Much of it
might go without saying for you. Nevertheless we hope, that dealing with the different chapters of this
manual will help you to understand the technical systems and the ideas behind them. As already
mentioned in the introduction, the purpose of this manual is to contribute to an unspoilt use of the yacht.
Among the things that are not dealt with are e.g. the personal safety equipment. This solely belongs to the
responsibilities of the skipper. It goes without saying that there have to be means of rescue for all persons
on board. But this also includes the procurement and maintenance of a life raft, of signalling means, a
first-aid- as well as a tool-kit.
Since the European Recreational Craft Directive pays special attention to fire protection it shall also be
mentioned, that fire extinguishers have to be maintained in regular intervals and that it belongs to the
duties of a skipper to introduce his crew into their operation.
Those being prepared for an emergency are normally never involved. But just in case: the yacht is
properly equipped for those situations with suitable means.
We are constantly working on further developments of our sailing yachts. We hope you will understand
that we have to reserve the right to carry out changes as far as form, equipment and technology is
concerned. For these reasons you cannot lay claim to a complete correspondence of your yacht with the
information, figures and descriptions in this manual.
If your yacht should be equipped with any details not being referred to in this manual or in the owner’s
file, your party to the contract will inform you about the correct operation and maintenance.
Since all yachts, manufactured by BAVARIA Yachtbau GmbH, are exclusively sold by official dealers
there is no contractual relationship between the yard and the customer/owner.
Thus BAVARIA Yachtbau GmbH is not familiar with details of the contract between the dealer and the
customer. That’s why it is not urgently necessary that your party to the contract takes over the full extent
of our warranty conditions.
So, if you have to make a claim it is unavoidable to contact your party to the contract.
6. List of manuals supplied
manual with declaration of conformity
engine assurance board with corresponding operating instruction
gas test document with corresponding working instruction
release checklist
leaflets and description of production work
working instructions: hand operated bilge pump
compass
bilge pump
WC-instruction
elapsed-time indicator
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Proof of identity
(to be completed by the dealer or party to the contract)
1. First launch : ........................................................................
2. Date of delivery to the owner: .........................................................................
3. Type of boat: ..........................................................................
4. Hull identification number: ..........................................................................
5. Commission number: ..........................................................................
6. Name of the yacht: ...........................................................................
7. Manufacture and type of engine: ...........................................................................
8. Engine number: ............................................................................
9. Gear (manufacture, type, gear ratio): ............................................................................
10. Propeller (manufacture, type, dim.): ...........................................................................
11. Dealer, representative (name/address): ............................................................................
.......................................................................
........................................................................
12. Signature/stamp dealer: ..............................................................................
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Please return signed to:
(address of the dealer)
Acknowledgement of receipt
Name:
Address:
Owner of the yacht BAVARIA 36 HIN DE-BAVV36S2E303
Signature: ____________________________